Critics, however, charged that his policies had actually increased the deficit and hurt the middle class and poor. Supreme Court. The most pressing foreign policy issue of Reagan's first term was the Cold War. Dubbing the Soviet Union "the evil empire," Reagan embarked on a massive buildup of U. In , he announced the Strategic Defense Initiative, a plan aiming to develop space-based weapons to protect America from attacks by Soviet nuclear missiles.
In the Middle East, Reagan sent U. Marines to Lebanon as part of an international peacekeeping force, in June Nearly one year later, in October , suicide bombers attacked the Marine barracks in Beirut, killing Americans. That same month, Reagan ordered U. In addition to the problems in Lebanon and Grenada, the Reagan administration had to deal with an ongoing contentious relationship with Libyan leader Muammar al-Qaddafi. In November , Reagan was reelected in a landslide, defeating Democratic challenger Walter Mondale.
Reagan carried 49 of the 50 U. Yet his second term was tarnished by the Iran-Contra affair, a convoluted "arms-for-hostages" deal with Iran to funnel money toward anti-communist insurgencies in Central America. Though he initially denied knowing about it, Reagan later announced that it was a mistake partially at the behest of the first lady. During his second term, Reagan also forged a diplomatic relationship with the reform-minded Mikhail Gorbachev , chairman of the Soviet Union. In , the Americans and Soviets signed a historic agreement to eliminate intermediate-range nuclear missiles.
That same year, Reagan spoke at Germany's Berlin Wall, a symbol of communism, and famously challenged Gorbachev to tear it down. More than two years later, Gorbachev allowed the people of Berlin to dismantle the wall, ending Soviet domination of East Germany. After leaving the White House, Reagan returned to Germany in September —just weeks before the country was officially reunified—and, with a hammer, took several symbolic swings at a remaining chunk of the wall. In , the Ronald W. In November , Reagan revealed in a handwritten letter to the American people that he had recently been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease.
Nearly a decade later, on June 5, , he died at his Los Angeles home at age 93, making him the nation's longest-lived president at that time.
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Nancy Reagan was a former Hollywood actress, the first lady of the United States during President Ronald Reagan's time in office and the founder of the "Just Say No" drug awareness campaign.
Burr fatally shot his rival, Alexander Hamilton, during a duel. Exchange Discount -Rs.
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Final Price Rs. Apply Exchange. Other Specifications. About the Author Williams is professor of public affairs and associate dean for graduate programs at the Graduate School for Public Affairs at the University of Washington.
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Ronald Reagan, Richard Nixon Make Racist Remarks in Newly Released Audiotape | Democracy Now!
Look no further. Bush, William Clinton, and George W.
- Walt Williams;
- The Greening of IT: How Companies Can Make a Difference for the Environment (IBM Press).
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- Nancy Reagan.
Bush assumed that a large federal budget surplus would allow him to cut taxes, even after the surplus was turned into a deficit by the war in Iraq and the War on Terrorism. In addition, the Senate and the House, beginning with largely right-wing conservative class of , no longer operate with a spirit of bi-partisanship. Winner-take-all victories have largely replaced the compromises needed to pass legislation that benefits the majority of citizens.
Williams marshals an impressive array of statistics and convincingly presents this bleak assessment of the Reagan legacy. Budget deficits, minimal domestic spending, and corrupt business practices—this would be the worst legacy of the Reagan years.