Green Foundation Scholarship. She recently performed in Heart, a new play she co-wrote, at Cleveland Public Theatre. Mariah is on the theatre faculty at Quinnipiac University. Greg is the founding Artistic Director of the internationally-acclaimed Split Knuckle Theatre Company, which has performed in 22 countries to dat E. Teaching: He is an Assistant Professor of Movement Theater at the professional actor-training program at University of Connecticut and is responsible for teaching the pedagogy of the French theater master Jacques Lecoq and Stage Combat.
He is an accomplished Martial artist, Authentic Pilates instructor, Gyrotonic teacher, and Personal trainer. He holds a black belt in Aikido and is a former Golden Gloves boxer. This is his fifth Ibsen translation to be produced professionally. Walsh has worked as dramaturg, translator, and co-author with theater companies across the country, including Theatre de la Jeune Lune, where he collaborated on such award-winning productions as Children of Paradise: Shooting a Dream, Don Juan Giovanni, Germinal and The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
Walsh received a Ph. In his first 15 seasons, Yale Rep has produced more than 30 world, American, and regional premieres, nine of which have been honored by the Connecticut Critics Circle with the award for Best Production of the year and two of which have been Pulitzer Prize finalists. During this time, Yale Rep also has commissioned more than 50 artists to write new work and provided low-cost theatre tickets to thousands of middle and high school students from Greater New Haven through Will Power!
Bundy served from on the board of directors of Theatre Communications Group, the national service organization for nonprofit theatre. Often combining acoustic forces with music technology, Suttor has composed operas, dance works, and music for all kinds of theatrical productions as well as chamber music, sacred pieces, sound installations, and scores for television.
David Dorfman Choreographer is pleased to return to Yale Rep, where his previous credits include Assassins and Indecent, which marked his Broadway debut earlier this year, and for which he received a Lortel Award and Chita nomination for its Off-Broadway run at Vineyard Theatre. He especially thanks James Bundy once again, and this incredible cast. P Collective. Conservatory ; and Equus Boxcar Theatre. Hailing from Toronto, Canada, where he worked as a freelance theatrical sound designer, mixer, technician, and recording engineer, Tye previously studied music production and engineering at Fanshawe.
Chad is a co-facilitator of Analyzing and Mobilizing Privilege, a group for aspiring allies in social justice issues at the School of Drama. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas. She received her BFA from Ithaca College and owes her career track to the foundations she gained there. Grace also serves on the faculty of Fordham University. She was named Associate Teacher of Fitzmaurice Voicework in She has worked with actors and professionals from a variety of backgrounds, including the financial sector, law, and sales, as well as celebrity speakers and politicians.
In addition, she continues to work as an actor and director. Among their credits are 72 Broadway productions, including The Lion King and Beauty and the Beast, and more than 60 first-class productions on five continents in hundreds of cities around the world. The term is found also in pottery and ceramic glazing for the same reason. Takes the biscuit seems according to Patridge to be the oldest of the variations of these expressions, which essentially link achievement metaphorically to being awarded a baked confectionery prize.
Heaven knows why though, and not even Partridge can suggest any logic for that one.
- Appendix:List of Latin phrases?
- William Tyndale.
- Hunt: The Awakened Magic Saga (The Faery Chronicles Book 1);
Incidentally, the expression 'takes the biscuit' also appears thanks C Freudenthal more than once in the dialogue of a disreputable character in one of James Joyce's Dubliners stories, published in I am informed additionally thanks J Finnie, Verias Vincit History Group, Oct of a different interpretation, paraphrased thus: Rather than bullets, historic accounts tell of men bitting down on leather straps when undergoing primative medical practice. Biting on a round metal brass bullet would have been both a potential choking hazard, and extremely hard to do. However in the days of paper cartridges, a soldier in a firing line would have 'bitten off' the bullet, to allow him to pour the gunpowder down the barrel, before spitting the ball bullet down after the powder, then ramming the paper in as wadding.
This would have left a salty nasty-tasting traces of gun powder in the soldier's mouth. So, 'bite the bullet' in this respect developed as a metaphor referring to doing something both unpleasent and dangerous. If you can offer any further authoritative information about the origins of this phrase please let me know. With hindsight, the traditional surgical metaphor does seem a little shaky. When the rope had been extended to the bitter end there was no more left. Captain Stuart Nicholls MNI contacted me to clarify further: "Bitter end is in fact where the last link of the anchor chain is secured to the vessel's chain locker, traditionally with a weak rope link.
Nowadays it is attached through the bulkhead to a sturdy pin. The term 'bitter end' is as it seems to pay out the anchor until the bitter end. A man was placed forward and swung a lead weight with a length of rope. A difficult and tiring task, so seamen would often be seen from aft 'swinging the lead' instead of actually letting go. The origin also gave us the word 'bride'. Strictly for the birds. Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable certainly makes no mention of it which suggests it is no earlier than 20th century. The term alludes the small brains of birds, and expressions such as 'bird-brain', as a metaphor for people of limited intelligence.
The balls were counted and if there were more blacks than reds or whites then the membership application was denied - the prospective new member was 'blackballed'. In addition I am informed by one who seems to know To vote for admitting the new person, the voting member transfers a white cube to another section of the box. To vote against, a black ball is inserted.
1: It makes employees unhappy
One black ball is enough to exclude the potential member. See also 'pipped at the post' the black ball was called a pip - after the pip of a fruit, in turn from earlier similar words which meant the fruit itself, eg pippin, and the Greek, pepe for melon - so pipped became another way or saying blackballed or defeated.
- I am a pretty flower.
- The Sisters Antipodes.
- Annotated bibliography of mirages, green flashes, atmospheric refraction, etc..
- Nine Marks of a Healthy Church (3rd Edition) (9Marks).
- Manual Lord Rogers Continent: (Known in Translation as Run For It!)!
- Guide Lord Rogers Continent: (Known in Translation as Run For It!);
These, from their constant attendance about the time of the guard mounting, were nick-named the blackguards. These various explanations, origins and influences of the 'black Irish' expression, from a range of sources including Cassells, Hobson-Jobson, Oxford, Chambers, historical writings on Irish history, specialist online discussion groups, are as follows:. In summary, despite there being no evidence in print, there seems to me to be sufficient historical evidence as to the validity of the Armada theory as being the main derivation and that other usages are related to this primary root.
I say this because: there is truth in the history; it is likely that many Spanish came ashore and settled after the Armada debacle, and people of swarthy appearance were certainly called black. Also the Armada theory seems to predate the other possible derivations. From this point the stories and legends about the Armada and the 'black Irish' descendents would have provided ample material for the expression to become established and grow. Following this, the many other usages, whether misunderstandings of the true origin and meaning ie. A simple example sent to me thanks S Price is the derogatory and dubious notion that the term refers to Irish peasants who burnt peat for fuel, which, according to the story, produces a fine soot causing people to take on a black appearance.
The 'black Irish' expression will no doubt continue to be open to widely varying interpretations and folklore. I am also informed thanks C Parker of perhaps another explanation for the 'Mediterranean' appearance darker skin and hair colouring notably of some Irish people and giving rise to the Black Irish term, namely the spread of refugee Spanish Moors across Europe, including into Ireland, in the 8th, 9th and 17th centuries. If anyone knows of any specific references which might support this notion and to link it with the Black Irish expression please tell me.
Nor sadly do official dictionaries give credence to the highly appealing suggestion that the black market expression derives from the illicit trade in stolen graphite in England and across the English channel to France and Flanders, during the reign of Elizabeth I It is true that uniquely pure and plentiful graphite deposits were mined at Borrowdale, Cumbria, England. And there was seemingly a notable illegal trade in the substance. In the 16th century graphite was used for moulds in making cannon balls, and was also in strong demand for the first pencils.
The Borrowdale mine was apparently the only large source of pure graphite in Europe, perhaps globally, and because of its military significance and value, it was taken over by the Crown in Elizabeth I's reign. The mine and its graphite became such a focus of theft and smuggling that, according to local history thanks D Hood , this gave rise to the expression 'black market'.
Frustratingly however, official reference books state that the black market term was first recorded very much later, around This is a pity because the Borrowdale graphite explanation is fascinating, appealing, and based on factual history. However, while a few years, perhaps a few decades, of unrecorded use may predate any first recorded use of an expression, several hundred years' of no recorded reference at all makes it impossible to reliably validate such an origin. We might conclude that given the research which goes into compiling official reference books and dictionaries, underpinned by the increasing opportunity for submitted evidence and corrections over decades, its is doubtful that the term black market originated from a very old story or particular event.
If there were any such evidence it would likely have found its way into the reference books by now. The expression black market is probably simply the logical use of the word black to describe something illegal, probably popularised by newspapers or other commentators. The word black is a natural choice and readily understood for describing anything negative, theatening or illicit, and has been used, in some cases for centuries, to describe all sorts of unapproved, sinister or illegal things - e. The first use and popularity of the black market term probably reflect the first time in Western history that consumer markets were tightly regulated and undermined on a very wide and common scale, in the often austere first half of the s, during and between the world wars of and more so in Further to the above entry I am informed thanks Dr A Summers, Mar of another fascinating suggestion of origin: " The market town of Crieff in Perthshire was the main cattle market up till , but at the start there was opposition from the Provost in Perth, so there was an illegal trade in cattle before it became the official Drover's Tryst or cattle market.
The cattle were known as The Black hence the origin of the regiment The Black Watch, a militia started to protect the drovers from rustlers so the illegal market was known as the 'black market' Legend has it that whoever kisses the blarney stone will enjoy the same ability as MacCarthy. When a person is said to 'have kissed the Blarney stone', it is a reference to their having the gift of persuasion. Another interpretation thanks R Styx , and conceivably a belief once held by some, is that sneezing expelled evil spirits from a person's body.
A contributory factor was the association of sneezing with the Black Death Bubonic Plague which ravaged England and particularly London in the 14th and 17th centuries. In more recent times the expression has been related ack D Slater to the myth that sneezing causes the heart to stop beating, further reinforcing the Bless You custom as a protective superstition.